PsyCall

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The relationships between defenses and experiences of depression: An exploratory study.

This study examined the relationships between defenses and depressive experiences. Two questionnaires, in counterbalanced order, were administered to a community sample of 205 adults: the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; S. Blatt, J. D’Afflitti, & D. Quinlan 1976, 1979) and the Defense Mechanisms Inventory (DMI; D. Ihilevich & G. C. Gleser, 1986). Although turning against self related significantly to both depressive experiences of dependency, especially the less mature neediness in comparison with the more mature connectedness, and self-criticism, other types of defenses, as measured by the DMI, differentiated between interpersonal and self-critical experiences of depression. Results are discussed from psychodynamic and developmental perspectives. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2…

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Psychoanalysis: Romantic, not wild.

The thesis of this article is that a decisive shift has occurred in analytic aim from dynamic and form “normativity,” or preconceived psychic outcome, to an open-ended process, the result of which is not foreseen. This shift in analytic theory and technique is related to the transformation in the humanities in the early 19th century from neoclassicism to the Romantic Movement. In opposition to the neoclassical ideal for art and life as the Greek and Roman forms, the romantic theorists and poets found such a preconceived ideal as stifling of human potential, passion, and creativity. Analogously, psychoanalysis has moved from a theory aiming at a preconceived outcome defined as psychic structure to an open-ended view that defines the process by a method of inquiry for the realization of …

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The pantheoretical nature of mental representations and their ability to predict interpersonal adjustment in a nonclinical sample.

This study sought to empirically examine some assumptions of contemporary psychoanalytic, attachment, and interpersonal personality theories by linking characteristics of mental representations of self and others (parents) to current levels of interpersonal adjustment in a nonclinical sample. To evaluate the mental representations of self and others, participants completed the Assessment of Qualitative and Structural Dimensions of Object Representations (S. J. Blatt, E. S. Chevron, D. M. Quinlan, C. E. Schaffer, & S. Wein, 1992) and the Assessment of Self Descriptions (S. J. Blatt, S. A. Bers, & C. E. Schaffer, 1993). Participants also completed the Experiences in Close Relationships (K. A. Brennan, C. L. Clark, & P. R. Shaver, 1998) questionnaire to assess dimensions of adult attachment a…

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